MBTI – e & i THINKING Style (3a)

 PREVIOUS: e & i Intuitives

SITEE Thinking vs I Thinking

T-J: Architect, Systems Intelligence
T-P : Hacker, Tactical Intel.

Te : Project Intelligence
Ti : Analytical Intelligence


Inner dichotomy STACK Preferences (cont.)

A JUDGING Function: They (T & F) are referred to as ‘rational’ because they use deliberate cognitive reasoning. Input received from P has no meaning until the J function processes it.

T = THINKING makes linear assessment based on logical axioms. Decisions come from using cause/effect, if/then, true/false choices to reach validity. Analyzes whether info received makes sense or not.
EXP: Decides whether the concept of gravity works or not.
** T-types assess things based on whether or not they work (Te is not about how smart one is)

Te – Extroverted THINKING, outer directed 
Nicknames: Practical Logic , Effectiveness

Spot by: Having facts & assertive opinions. Seek logic & consistency in the outside world. Concern for external laws and rules

Q: “How do I implement this idea, or organize the world around me?”
Potential STRENGTH: leader, organizer
Potential WEAKNESS: controlling, rigid
Basic Desire: Organize outer world with reason & logic

Te perspective: Effectiveness – “More efficiency!”
It analyzes & optimizes external systems, methods, operations – to organize the external world, based on their logical structure. Concerned with external laws & rules.
Authoritative leadership brings order & accomplishments. Wants to do ‘what makes sense’,
EXP: Decides the concept of gravity works because i’s been seen in practice

IMAGE: Like an office, organized, & lets everyone know to get things done the right way
GIFT: Teaching – organizing the community for social justice
: (As Dom) Constraint in eyes & smile, seems a little uncomfortable. Minimal / optimal use of brain

• Te Dom types can seem bossy or know-it-alls, even when they genuinely mean well
• are extremely goal oriented. They’ll usually ask about your goals, subtly or overtly.
• enjoy talking about plans they’ve & the expected outcomes
• are bothered by inefficiency, & strongly dislike people being late or veering off topic when there’s work to be done
• will always argue from a results-based, purely practical standpoint
• will immediately jump to solving problem as quickly & effectively as possible, when asked for help
• These types usually advocate staying organized, setting goals and making whatever choice will get the best result


Ti = Introverted THINKING inner directed 
Nicknames: Theoretical Logic,  Accuracy

Spot by: being logical without any facts. Seeks internal consistency & logic of ideas.
Trusts an internal framework, which is hard to explain

Q: “How do I understand this idea ?”
Potential STRENGTH: rational, intellectual
Potential WEAKNESS: critical, socially awkward

Basic Desire: Organize inner world rationally, understand ideas

Ti perspective: Accuracy – “Well, technically….”. It has a deep inner understanding of what makes sense, exploring & refining systems, methods & strategies, based on a complex rules. Analyzes ‘how it is’, EXP: decides the concept of gravity works because it’s supported by facts

IMAGE: Like a science lab, because after the experiments, it can do a good job of analyze results
GIFT: Knowledge – assimilating complex concepts
Physically: (As Dom) critical stare, tight-lipped. Also minimal / optimized use of brain

• Ti Dom types
— are not interested in most small-scale decisions, & will avoid making them whenever possible
— require a great deal of alone-time. They aren’t shy about overtly ignoring others if they’re infringed on
— often have a grumpy or aloof surface, but a good sense of humor underneath
— may have trouble explaining something directly – tending to veer off & get lost explaining different parts of how something works
• in a conversation, they may ask slightly different versions of the same question several times, trying to figure out exactly how it fits with what they already know
• may zone out of conversations, as they relate what you’re saying to what they already know – & then zone back in to ask clarifiers
• These types usually advocate looking at things objectively, questioning everything, to ensure they understand a situation fully before making a decision about it.

NEXT: e & i Feeling


MBTI – e/i INTUITION by stack position (2b)



How Each Cognitive Function Manifests Based On Its Position In Your Stacking

2a. Extroverted INTUITION

As a dominant function, Ne manifests as a seemingly never-ending plethora of theories, possibilities and inventive ideas that the user is constantly picking up on.

The dominant-Ne monologue: “I am swimming in an endless sea of possibilities about what to do/experience/think about next and I want to try them all.”



Auxiliary Ne manifests as a plethora of possibilities that arise to support or expand upon a thought or decision that the user has come to.

The auxiliary-Ne monologue: “I see a million different ways to look at the concept I’ve been analyzing and I want to consider them all.”



Tertiary Ne manifests as a series of creative solutions that may go into solving a given problem or moving them towards a goal.

The tertiary-Ne monologue: “I will consider which possibilities will best help me accomplish the goal I have set.”



Inferior Ne originally manifests as a reluctance to try new ways of doing things, occasionally giving way to anxiety over the unknown.

As Ne matures, its user will become more comfortable dwelling in uncertainties and entertaining new possibilities.

The inferior-Ne monologue (prior to maturation): “It is best to stick to the most reliable methods of getting things done. There is no sense getting lost in a sea of unpredictable possibilities.”


2b. Introverted INTUITION

As a dominant function, Ni manifests as a keen perception for the meaningful connections that exist between the thoughts, concepts, events and occurrences in the Ni-user’s environment.

The dominant-Ni monologue:“Everything is interconnected and I must determine the meaning and implication behind those connections.”



As an auxiliary function, Ni manifests as an understanding of how one ought to go about accomplishing his or her goals, based on a keen intuitive perception of how various courses of action are likely to unfold.

The auxiliary-Ni monologue: “How can I use my intuitive knowledge about how things are connected in order to achieve what I want?”



As a tertiary function, Ni manifests as the desire to optimize or perfect upon one’s pre-existing talents or skills.

The tertiary-Ni monologue: “How can I improve upon – or even perfect – the approach that I regularly take toward my main passion or interest?”



As an inferior function, Ni originally manifests as a scorn or distaste for over-analyzing what is obvious or over-planning for the future.

As inferior introverted intuition matures, the user may find themselves developing a keen ‘hunch’ for the way things are bound to unfold in the future and will enjoy entertaining these ideas.

The inferior-Ni monologue (prior to maturation):“Everyone needs to stop over-analyzing everything, the answers are literally right in front of us.”



MBTI – e & i INTUITION Style (2a)

PREVIOUS: e & i Sensing

SITEs: Ns are smarter than Ss – includes IQs of famous people, & functions by %

iN-P : Catalyst + Change
iN-J : Visionary+Independent
iNe : Detective Patterns
iNi : Existenial Intel.

Inner dichotomy STACK Preferences (cont.)

N = INTUITION (Wisdom)
N-types need to think things through.  They gathers data through the world of ideas. Info is stored in abstract form, as concepts instead of details. Ninterprets the meaning behind info received. EXP: Determines the meaning behind the movie Inception.

Ne – Extroverted INTUITION, directed outwards
Nicknames: Exploration, Pattern Recognition of the Actual Present

Spot by:  Seeing Possibilities & connections in the external world.
Trusts flashes from the unconscious, which can then be shared with others

Q: “What could this be or is connected to?”
Potential STRENGTH: innovative, visionary
Potential WEAKNESS: indecisive, jumps from thought to thought

Basic Desire: See all possibilities, make cross-disciplinary connections

Ne perspective: Exploration, Possibilities – “What will happen 20 years from now?”.  Ne is about exploring the world of ideas, in multiplies possibilities & theories. Looks for what can be gathered from info & then expands on it in the environment. Wonders ‘what could be’, SO – determines that the movie Inception has many possible, unknown meanings.

• Ne Dom types experience bursts of high energy, followed by periods of being reclusive
• Ne Dom types bore quickly, & almost always have a new project in the works
• are quick-witted, gaining energy by debating ideas, & enjoy discussing possibilities most of all
• want to explore every side of a given situation, & are more likely to play ‘devil’s advocate’ than other types
• tend to jump from topic to topic with ease & enthusiasm, but can directly contradict themselves multiple times while speaking
• enjoy using metaphors to explain things – which are prone to becoming more & more complex as they go along, which they love.
• These types usually advocate keeping options open, exploring all possibilities, & taking an unconventional approach to solving problems.


Ni – Introverted INTUITION, inner directed
Nicknames: Perspectives , Recognition about Future

Spot by: Having a Singular goal, inner vision. Looks at consistency of ideas & thoughts, with an internal framework.
Trusts flashes from the unconscious, which may be hard for others to understand.

Q: “What is or will be under the surface?”
Potential STRENGTH: perceptive, understanding
Potential WEAKNESS: stubborn about beliefs, but won’t back the up

Basic Desire: See & understand deep truths

Ni perspective: Future, Perspective – “Something’s going to happen tomorrow”.
Ni is about converging a large body of info into insights, answers & theories. It synthesizes internal concepts to predict possibilities, tying unrelated stored info to create new ideas. A way to determine ‘what will be’, SO – determines that the movie Inception has only one possible, known meaning

IMAGE: Like a weather-forecasting stone, able to feel things & then tell what’s about to happen
GIFT: Insight, foresight – able to perceive upcoming changes
: As Dom – distant eyes, late or awkward smile. Draws on entire mind to foresee

• Everything an Ni Dom type does is deliberate. One can get the sense they’ve carefully (but covertly) planned out their actions & words
• Ni dominant types usually pause to fully take in and consider what you have said in conversation before replying.
• Ni dominant types often give off a stoic or “Zen” vibe.

• may ask a lot of questions in conversation, which tend to be open-ended I.e. “Can you tell me more about that,” As opposed to, “When did that happen?”
• prefer sticking to one topic at a time, but feel the need to ‘explain around’ it if they can’t get their point across concisely
• may also return to a topic of conversation weeks later, having processed & analyzed what you’ve said more fully
• enjoy talking about future possibilities in a linear fashion, & seem to have a lot of ‘epiphanies’ or ‘realizations.’
• These types usually advocate thinking through options carefully, optimizing experiences, always keeping long-term objectives in mind.

NEXT: Thinking

MBTI – e/i SENSING by stack position (1b)






a. EXtroverted SENSING
It shows up as the desire to engage fully with the sensory aspects of the person’s environment, without any restraint or pause for analysis.

Se-Dom thought: “I want to sample all experiences immediately available to me, & see where they lead!”

SARCASTIC VERSION: Everything you do has to end in you saying “Woooaaaahhhh!!!

It shows up as the desire to experience & experiment with any sensory input the person determines to be the most enjoyable or useful

Se-Aux thought: “I want to go live out the experiences I’ve decided are the best or most enjoyable, see what happens”

SARCASTIC VERSION: This is unnecessarily dangerous, so of course you’re first in line to try it

It shows up as the person’s ability to pick up cues from their external environment, & react to them with a sense of natural confidence

Se-Ter thought: “I prefer to plan ahead, but when necessary, I can think surprisingly well on my feet, being in tune with what’s going on around me.”

SARCASTIC VERSION: You put on your designer clothes to go sopping

It originally shows up as distrust of the physical world arounds the person, or the pervasive belief that their intellect can & must be trusted above the sensory information that IS available.

As Se matures, they may find themselves steadily more in tune with the the surrounding sensory world, & better able to trust it as a stable & pervasive force

Se-Inf thought (prior to maturation): “I must analyze all possible outcomes of a sensory experience, as the physical world is subject to unexpected changes, at any time.”

SARCASTIC VERSION: You guess you owe it to yourself to have sex this year


b. INtroverted SENSING
It shows up as a powerful memory for what’s worked well in the past, creating a desire to structure their life around traditions & previous positive outcomes

Si-Dom thought:“I prefer to plan most of my life around tried-and-true methods of doing things, having proved to be the most reliable.”

SARCASTIC VERSION: You have a temper tantrums when the rest of the group votes for pizza with mushrooms instead of olives


It shows up as the preference for relying on tried-and-true methods when working to accomplish a particular goal

Si-Aux thought:“To achieve what I want, I’ll use the most reliable & socially acceptable method of achieving it.”

SARCASTIC VERSION: You feel ‘edgy’ this weekend so you’re going to try a new recipe instead of eating out with friends

It shows up as a proneness toward nostalgia, as well as a way of contrasting the new & exciting with the old & the known.

Si-Ter thought:“I’ll see how a new experience or theory stacks up against my past experiences or way of understanding the world.”

SARCASTIC VERSION: You have a favorite childhood cartoon character tattooed somewhere on you

It originally shows up as a resistance to tradition or conformity of any sort.

As Si matures, they’ll find themselves steadily better able to determine when traditional methods are most useful in accomplishing their goals vs. when they’re not. They’ll start to feel comfortable integrating tried-and-true ways into their experiences as they see fit.

Si-Inf thought (immature): “Out with the old, in with the new! F*ck the system! The man can’t keep me down!”

SARCASTIC VERSION: You only changed religions twice in college – that’s very conservative of you


MBTI – e & i SENSING Style (1a)

 PREVIOUS: Basics #5

SITE: Extensive portraits of each of the 16 types 

S-P:  Kinesthetic Intelligence
☆ S-J : 
Organization Intelligence

Se : Experience – Natural intel.
Si : The Instructor – Practical Intel.

MBTI & Psychological types

Inner Dichotomy STACK Preferences 

A PERCEIVING Function  They (S & N) are considered “irrational” because they’re the type of info we take in from the world, considered an unconscious preference. If the brain is a hard drive, perception is input.

S – SENSING (Simplicity) S-types gather data in the physical world, through the 5 senses & concrete details. Info is to be experienced.
EXP:  Likes/Dislikes the smell of pies

Se – Extroverted SENSING, directed outward
Nicknames: Experimenting, Sensations

Spot them by: Being quick to act, aware of the environment. Acts on concrete data in the here & now.
Trusts the present, then lets it go.

“What is happening right now & how can I experience it?”
Potential STRENGTH: adventurous, fun, spontaneous
Potential WEAKNESS: reckless, shallow

Basic Desire: Live in the moment, experience life

Se perspective: Sensation, Realism – “Something’s happening right NOW!”
Se is about exploring new sights, experiences, tastes in the physical world, & to keep up appearances. Looks to be what can be experienced tangibly. Gathering of ‘what is’, SO – Likes/Dislikes the smell of pies, based on the smell itself

IMAGE: Like a camera, recording everything around it, fully taking in every detail
GIFT: Hands-on practicality
Physically: As Dom – visibly every present, looks natural wherever they are. Calm in tense situations, smooth body motions

• Se Dom types are highly attuned to their environment, constantly scanning their surroundings
• Se Doms are almost always present & engaged when in conversation, unless something in the immediate environment is distracting
• Se users tend to be ‘up for anything’, & don’t mind changing or going with last minute plans.
• may be more physically ‘wired’ than other types, so have trouble sitting still
• tend to make very direct observations about people & situations – not beating around the bush – & are masters of saying what everyone else was secretly thinking
• enjoy slapstick or ‘obvious’ humor
• enjoy the ‘finer things in life’, can be particularly attracted to expensive gadgets or high fashion
• These types usually advocate ‘Just going for it’ – following gut instinct & approaching what you want directly.


Si – Introverted SENSING, inner directed
Nicknames: Recording, Memory

Spot by: Having Past experiences, knowledge. Compares present facts and experiences to past experience.
Trusts the past. Stores sensory data for future use.

Q: “What was before, & how does that apply now?”
Potential STRENGTH: loyal, consistent
Potential WEAKNESS: hesitant to change, unadaptable

Basic Desire: Remember the past, make memories

Si perspective: Memory, Past –“Something happened yesterday”. Si is about routines, habits, preserving the “tried and true” traditions. Its framework is built on of previously experienced physical info, based on what’s been proven true in the past. A collection of ‘what was’, SO – Likes/Dislikes the smell of pies, based on how it relates to past experiences.

IMAGE: Like a calculator, having all the info it needs, stored within itself, & it remembers
GIFT: Prudence, Sensitivity – the ‘equalizer’ in extreme situations
Physically: As Dom – level stare, posture restrained. Use whole mind to review past events

• Si users have excellent memories when it comes to specific facts and occurrences and will usually remember things you’ve mentioned only in passing.
• Si users tend to place a higher value on tradition, social conventions and status than other types.
• are incredibly detail-oriented, & usually ask for specific clarifications in conversation (“Where did you meet up? What day?”)
• are uncomfortable with the ambiguous, so in conversation they prefer providing relevant facts to speculation. EXP:  when discussing possibilities for the future, they’ll point out what has happened in a similar situation in the past
• enjoy plans that are predictable
• These types usually advocate using tried & true ways, referring to the available facts on a subject, assuming the future will resemble the past

NEXT: Intuiting

MBTI – STACKS Basics (Part 5)

PREVIOUS: Stacks – #4

SITE: Developing Type over Time (re. 4 functions)




STACKS can be understood as either:
a. an ABILITY-
describing how well or poorly we’re able to express each preference.
EXP:  For INFPs, the ‘Mediators’, their Auxiliary is Ne (externalized Intuition) & Tertiary is Si (internalized Sensing), so they may not notice their surroundings very well – being so much in their head – because these 2 functions interfere with each other. However, INFPs are very gifted at absorbing how others feel, & can empathize
indicates the intensity of & way we want the functions to be used, rather than how well we can use them, as in exp. a.
So ENTPs, the ‘Designers’, with Ne-DOM & Ti-TER, will want to focus most of their energy thinking up (T) creative/innovative ideas (N)

⬇️ CHART: The 2 AXES of Personality show the purpose of each preference combo:
🚦The vertical indicates the CORE of the Self. A person’s INF complements as well as challenges the DOM, so if/when these opposing forces are developed & integrated, it allows the True Self to individuate (S & I).
EXP: At worst, an ENFJ or ESFJ with the Fe-Dom / Ti-Inf combo can easily be cunning & manipulative if they have intense empathy along with a cynical outlook on life.

🚥 The horizontal defines ones IDENTITY, & if the person matures, the True Self can become visible. This axis is about relationships, indicating how we want to treat others & be of help, as well as being treated by them & receiving help. This works by the ability to notice – at a glance – the motivations & intentions of others.

REVIEW: Perceiving (P) is how the brain takes in information, &
Judging (J) is how we make decisions based on that info.
These are the brain’s most basic functions, along with keeping us alive – such as telling us to eat & breathe.

The 8 cognitive functions (S,N,T,F) form stacks ⬇️, based on Carl Jung’s Personality Type theory, which accounts for the fundamental differences in our personalities. Over a lifetime a person can develop all functions to a reasonable level, but the order of the stack cannot change.

This CHART ➡️ lists the 16 MBTI personalities by Order of Preference (stack) for each type.

NOTE –  Pairs of Types (the NFs, the STs….) have their preferences in the same order, but on opposite sides of the E-I center line, which makes all the difference in how we present ourselves, & how others experience us.

MBTI STEREOTYPES – we too often see other Cognitive Function types thru the lens of our own type’s bias. (Circles by Erik Thor)

▪︎ J
are not normally constrained or compulsive, but proactive
unless in P mode, then seem reactive, losing their initiative
▪︎ Ps are not reactive or a push-overs, but adaptive
–  unless in J mode, then seem overly constrained. Normally, they do have strong control over their own life & decisions

▪︎ Is
are not passive, but are normally very active & calculated – unless trying to act like Es, then seem rushed & restless
▪︎ Es are not rushed or restless, but steady, calm, & mobile, who can make quick decisions calmly & rationally
unless in I mode, then seem passive & disengaged

▪︎ Ss tend to see Ns as naive or unrealistic, BUT actually have a very broad perspective.
– IF an Si is in N mode they seem naive
▪︎ Ns tend to see Ss as shallow, BUT are actually very realistic.
– IF an Ni is in S mode, then seem shallow & superficial

▪︎ Ts
tend to see Fs as weak, BUT are actually deeply connected to other people.
– IF a Ti is in F mode, they seem hurt & vulnerable
▪︎ Fs tend to see Ts as cold, BUT they actually do have strong emotions.
– IF an Fi is in T mode, they seem unemotional & insensitive

🚗   🚗   🚗

OVERVIEW & comparison of the 2 Perceiving functions




OVERVIEW & comparison of the 2 Perceiving functions














MBTI – STACKS Basics (Part 4)


PREVIOUS: Stacks Basics #3

SITES:  How to use Stacks for Growth

Personal Growth using MBTI




Primary Cognitive Engine: Combined Dominant + Auxiliary, sometimes called the  function pair,  comes from the 2 middle letters of our personality type (INTP, ESFJ.….), which produce most of our communicating, decision-making & processing skills.
✯ Together Dom & Aux are about 90% of our personality – on a good day 😉

It can help to balance: 
• Extrovert & Introvert, so Es can turn to their inner world at times & Is to the outer
• the J functions, so we can take in new info (T), & make decisions about that info or have closure (F)
• the P functions, so we can pay attention to the outer world & take actions (S), as well as pause for reflection to notice the inner one (N)

Jung believed that all the functions are largely unconscious & undeveloped in infants.
0 – 6 years = use all 4 functions indiscriminately, trying each of them on for size, to decide which ones work best
6 – 12 years = The Dom begins to develop & assert itself. There will be glimpses of the AUX as well, but underdeveloped & unbalanced

AUXILIARY (2nd) 13 – 21 years
A powerful support to the Dom – this is an important time of “self-identification”. A weak AUX can cause real problems. For Introverts, it will be the function most visible to others, while the Dom is more in the background.

TERTIARY (3rd) tends to develop in ones 30s & 40s
21 – 35 years – Begin using this function more often & with better success. Not as strong as Dom & Aux, but helps to balance them, if developed properly. Tertiary kinds of activities are recreational or very relaxing

INFERIOR (4th) At midlife or later
35 – 50 years There’s a pull to develop & use it more effectively, which is very possible
50 onward – All 4 are accessible. The basic Type continues to assert itself, & functions are used in a more disciplined, differentiated way.

5th – 8th = Shadow Functions (INFJ as EXP ➡️)
• There are 4 additional levels, the exact E/I unconscious reverse opposites of our 4 conscious ones, called ‘shadow’ functions. Regardless of their order, they’re not well-suited for the light of day because they’re unpredictable.

• For most people, our conscious level 1 & 2 preferences develop with very little effort. They simply work, & work well.  90% of the time we use them to tackle just about everything. Our TER characteristic contributes about 5% to our style, & the other five positions (conscious ‘Inferior’ + 4 unconscious) have to fight over the last 5%.

• But if ones conscious Dom & Aux aren’t ‘on’ – suppressed for some reason – one or more of these lower 4 will take over, being playful, mischievous or harmful.
Eruptions from one or more of them can last seconds (blood sugar crash, over-reacting to some annoyance) to decades (wrong career, toxic marriage, addictions….). (MORE….)

• To develop one of the lesser functions, we can focus on the third one. We’ll get the most out of it, because, unlike the rest (4-8), it’s still usable & somewhat competent, like a teen driver with a learner’s permit, while the rest of the functions are more like toddlers & young children. (1-4 detailed in Part 2)

⬇️ DIAGRAM (by QuickTwist) of the relationship between the 4 conscious & 4 unconscious functions.
The “Greater Personality” is when a person has found a way to combat their Shadow, & can use both levels simultaneously.

In the healthy person, the Unconscious Function (UF) is filtered through its corresponding Conscious Function (CF), because they’re less out of balance.
Their CF gets its energy from the corresponding UF, which combines in the Shadow & is then is expressed consciously as an act of WILL, in behavior.

In an unhealthy person, the Dom & Aux (conscious) have been overused, so their UFs are over-accentuated = rather hysterically in Es, & neurotically in Is.



 LISTs ⬇️ from PICK LUCK mbti.info and ODYSSEY

NEXT: Stack basics #5