DEFENSES MECHANISMS (Part 2)


no see, no hear, no talk 

I HAVE SO MANY OPTIONS 
for escape!

PREVIOUS: Defense Mechanisms (#1)

SITE: “Types and Uses of Defense Mechanisms

ALL DEFENSES are used to avoid some form of anxiety
Acting out – coping with stress by taking actions instead of acknowledging one’s emotions
Affiliation – compulsively turning to others for support instead of being in charge of their life

Aim Inhibition – settling for a modified version of their original goal (as in “Those who can’t – teach”)
Altruism – gaining satisfaction by self-sacrificing service to others, or participating in beneficial social causes

Asceticism – the moral renunciation of certain pleasures, to avoid the internal conflict associated with impulse gratification
Avoidance – refusing to deal with or face an unpleasant person, object or situation

Compensation trying to make up for what he/she perceives as personal deficiencies
Conversion – a repressed mental conflict turned into a physical symptom

Denial – unconscious need to refuse acknowledging important parts of oneself, of one’s own experiences or of external reality, even though these things may actually be known or perceived
Displacement – shifting emotions or mental conflicts about one person or situation onto another. It’s ‘dumping onto’ one person what one feels towards someone else (kicking the dog instead of the boss)

Fantasy – a retreat into a dream world, mental drifting back to ‘better times’ or to an ideal place…. when concrete, adult action is needed OR when the current situation is experienced as completely hopelessEnneagram
Idealization – overhauling PPT (people, places, things) beyond what’s actually known about then & what’s realistic, to deny aggressive or competitive feelings towards someone they love or are afraid of
(CHART Enneagram version)

Identification: model oneself on another’s persona, in place of a ‘self’
Intellectualization – warding off unacceptable emotions & desires by only thinking about PPT rather than experiencing them directly
Introjection – imprint onto oneself another’s whole personality, (taking another person into the self, psychologically speaking) to avoid directly expressing powerful emotions such as love, rage, hate, envy….

Isolation (not isolating) – cutting off painful emotions cause by a distressing event or situation, such as no effect re. a trauma
Projection – attributing to others ones own unacceptable but unconscious thoughts & emotions. Disowning unwanted parts of oneself by only seeing them in others, & then hating that person or quality

Rationalization – use convincing ‘logical’ reasons to justify an idea, emotion or action, to avoid recognizing the real but unacceptable underlying motive for ones bad behavior (like getting defensive)
Reaction formation – compulsively saying & doing the extreme opposite of what one really wants, but is afraid of (violently preaching against lust, while not aware of being filled with sexual longing)  (CHART)
projective identification

Regression – unconsciously retreating to the actions, feelings & beliefs of an earlier developmental phase when feeling threatened (tantrums)
Repression – keeping unwanted thoughts & emotions out of awareness, which can include forgetting painful or traumatic events ones or those associated with painful emotions

Reversal – turning a feeling, attitude or behavior into its opposite
EXP: when masochism is replaced by sadism, love into hate….
Simple denial: unpleasant things are treated as if they don’t exist

Splitting – characteristic of borderlines, it’s the inability to hold in ones conscious mind both positive & negative qualities of the self or others in a realistic whole (loving & hating the same person or thing)
Somatization – when intolerable impulses or conflicts are converted into physical symptoms (suppresses rage into an auto-immune disease)

Sublimation – redirect id impulses (a socially objectionable desire or goal) into socially acceptable activities, while still retaining the original goal of the impulse.  It is considered the most “mature” defense. (Play football instead of fighting, make art instead of cheating)
Suppression: painful emotions & events are consciously ‘stuffed’ down
Undoing involves symbolically nullifying or voiding an unacceptable or guilt-provoking act, thought, or feeling

NEXT: Enneagram Strengths #1

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