OUR SENSES & Learning – Overviews (Part 5)


eye of horus 

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SITE: Learning Styles Affects How You Play GOLF
— 3 Reasons to Use Multi-sensory Teaching Techniques

EYE of HORUS is both a symbol of knowledge, protection, and power, AND a mathematical equation, fractions of a heqat, representing the six senses: Thought -1/8, Hearing – 1/2, Sight – 1/4, Smell – 1/16, Touch – 1/64, & Taste – 1/32. (MORE…..)

HAPTIC Learning
This style refers to the sense of touch or grasp. Such people generally have a great sense of haptic learningtouch, so they prefer to use a hands-on approach, which is essential to them. They need to touch & feel as many things as possible, so they can form a visual image of it, which helps them piece together informatio in a way they can easily understand. They can often be found tinkering with things, & once they’ve taken the object apart, they now know how it works & can tell you what they have learned through this process. (Institute for Learning Styles Research, 2003)
People who prefer haptic learning enjoy doing art projects, tracing words or pictures, & will often be found doodling. Those who combine haptic & visual styles learn best through demonstration followed by hands-on practice.

INFO : “To get the most out of Passive Tasks” and “To Maximize Studying”
BOOK: “TOUCH – the Science of Hand, Heart & Mind “~ David J. Linden

TECHNOLOGICAL Learners (visual-haptic-kinesthetic)
— want to learn everything via the computer
— enjoy & utechnical typese the video camera
— are mechanically oriented
— like integrated learning activities
— understand technology tools without formal instruction
— can read technical manuals without intensive training
— spend excessive time on computer and/or video games
— know how to work with and use hardware and software
— interact & communicate with others via text, e-mail & Internet
— understand how to integrate various technologies

OVERVIEWbrain & words
Auditory Language: Students who learn from hearing words spoken. They may vocalize or move their lips or throat while reading, especially when trying to understand new material. They’re more able to absorb & remember words or facts they could only have learned by hearing
Visual Language: Students who learn well from reading words in books, on the chalkboard, charts or workbooks. They may even write words down they hear orally in order to learn by seeing them on paper. They remembers & use information better if they’ve read it

Auditory Numerical: Students learn from hearing numbers & oral explanations. They can easily remember phone & locker numbers , & be good at games, puzzles & ‘heard numbers & work problems in their head. They may do just about as well without a math book, since written materials are not as important.  They may say numbers to themselves & move their lips when reading a problem.
Visual Numerical: Students need to see numbers – on the board, in a book or on paper – in order to work with them. They’re more likely to understand & then remember math facts having seen them, & don’t seem to need as much oral explanation.

Audio-Visual-Kinesthetic: A-V-K students learn best by doing, experiencing, being personally involved. They definitely need a combination of stimuli. Handling material along with seeing & hearing words and numbers make a big difference to them. Otherwise they may not seem to be able to grasp or retain info unless they’re totally involved. They want to touch & handle whatever they’re learning. Sometimes just writing or a symbolic wiggling of the finger is a symptom of the A-V-K learner.  (MORE….)

MULTI-SENSORY Learning
Multi-modal absorption is the ability of the nervous system to combine the input from all our senses, making it easier to detect & identify available information. This happens when multi-modal brain cells receive stimuli that overlap the different modalities, & it kicks in when no one particular sense responds to an event.

Maria Montessori was the pioneered of the multi-sensory approach in the early 20th century, working with young children who naturally learn by seeing, hearing, touching/ feeling, tasting & smelling.
Most people – about 60% – use a combinations of the 3 main modalities (sight, hearing, body movement). While some may have 1 or 2 strong preferences, it’s normal for all the other senses to be used as well. Because it involves more Brain areas, multi-sensing allows for more mental connections & associations when learning any new concept. This makes it  more efficient & effective, providing redundancy & enhancing reinforcement.

Combining all the senses becomes a powerful tool for encouraging Language Arts learning, in important ways. KEY BENEFITS to students:
A greater amount of knowledge is transferred, with the possibility of more info being absorbed, & student engagement is more likely, which can improve attitudes towards learning, & therefore student achievement is more likely. (MORE….Research study).

EXPs in 3 countries (EuroNews)
Tunisia: Sound makes sense
Can sound have a smell? Dr Slim Masmoudi, a cognitive psychologist in Tunisia believes it can – among young learners. He has applied a multi-sensory approach at a kindergarten in his country, using “learning without learning” – for musical awakening (combining perceptual, memory & motor skills) that make children sensitive to rhythms & sounds. His method enhances creative thinking in preschoolers (flexibility, fluency & originality), encouraging positive emotions & a strong motivation to learn.

USA: room of relaxation
Children who have to stay in hospital for a long time face many challenges, including disruption to their emotional & educational development. At several locations in the US experts have created special ‘multi-sensory rooms’ where young patients can experience a range of exciting & fun activities. The aim is to put them at ease in that stressful situation, believing that young minds develop better when relaxed. (“Multi-sensory Environments: The Benefits”)

Germany: math through moving

The advantages of the multi-sensory approach are also being championed at one pioneering school in Hamburg, Germany. Teachers use a combination of movement, sights & sounds to help teach math & spelling. The method appears to be having the desired effect, and the kids love it.

LEARNING STYLES info & Qs
CHART: See which column fits you the best. OR – some of each?

Qs re Learning Tpes
MODALITIES – & theory  // Links to OTHER QUESTIONNAIRES

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