PREVIOUS: ACoAs & Confusion (Part 11)
DEF: Intelligence is a combination of the abilities to: (from several authors)
1. Learn – which includes all kinds of informal & formal learning, via any combination of experience, education & training
2. Pose problems – which includes recognizing problem situations, & transforming them into more clearly defined issues
3. Solve problems – which includes outlining solutions, accomplishing tasks, creating products, & doing complex projects
Human Intelligence is the singular, collective ability to act & react in an ever-changing world. Our brain is an ‘equal-opportunity’ organ. The more opportunities it has to develop & apply its many but distinct functions, the better we learn, which can make us complete individuals & better citizens. The brain can go from the practical to the most remarkably creative, from the concrete to the abstract, from detached reason and logic to emotion and attachment – all of which we can draw on as we negotiate our way through life
When talking about Intelligence it makes sense to start by looking at the 2 halves of the brain – the Right giving us our Creativity & the Left our Analytical abilities. This chart suggests the 2 sides contribute to the various types of Intelligences (I.) listed in the next few posts.
EXP: LEFT = Logic-Math I. // RIGHT = Visual-Spacial I.
However, emerging scientific consensus is that intelligence depends not just on the efficiency or power of various brain regions, but also on the strength of the connections that link them.
Researchers Haler & Jung (New Mexico) attribute our I. to a circuit that links the Frontal Lobes, involved in organization, planning & other highly developed abilities, with the Parietal region farther back in the brain, which integrates information from the eyes, ears and other senses.
They believe this Parieto-frontal Integration Theory (P-FIT) best accounts for the evidence that I. depends on several brain regions tightly linked by axon tracks that form super-highways of info. (Brain basis for M.I.? – gives YES/NO points)
Applying this info to eLearning – some dimensions are:
– being cooperative vs competitive
– learning independently vs from an instructor
– more or less introverted vs extroverted
– learn verbally vs visually vs aurally
– perceive or processes concretely vs abstractly, actively or reflectively
– make decisions or judgements by deliberation vs intuition
– learn sequentially or bottom-up vs. global or top-down
2 TYPES – from Psychologist Raymond Cattell (1963)
FLUID (Gf) Intelligence
The ability to recognize & identify unfamiliar complex relationships / patterns, make inferences about them & use logic to solve new problems
CRYSTALLIZED (Gc) Intelligence
The ability to use learned knowledge & experience. Consists of: Comprehension, Cultural influence, Experience, Judgement, Learning (MORE….scroll to 1/18/14)
3 TYPES – Bat & Ball problem // True Leadership
IQ – HEAD smarts
Ian Lawton showed that people with high IQs aren’t automatically good at everything, by using a ‘simple’ math problem:
“A bat & a ball cost $1 and 10 cents. The bat costs a dollar more than the ball. How much does the ball cost?”
— Did you say the ball cost 10 cents? That is incorrect., but that’s OK, since more than 50% of Harvard, Princeton and MIT students also got it wrong.
SOLUTION — Consider that the bat is a dollar more than the ball, which costs .05 cents. Since the difference between the two has to be $1 ($1 -.10 = $.90) then the bat is $1.05. ($1.05-$.05=$1)
EQ – EMOTIONAL / HEART smarts
Understanding the feelings & instincts behind the facts. It’s used by 90% of top performers in business for success , & 58% of job performance is based on it. People with a hi EQ make almost $29K more a year. We BUY ‘stuff’ using EQ, but most will deny it, insisting their choices were totally logical
SQ – SPIRITUAL / INTUITIVE smarts
Combines IQ & EQ. It’s where moral intelligence comes from, giving us a sense of purpose & wisdom. It has its own way of ‘knowing’, gathered from all our years of experience to combine the best of our emotions, skills & knowledge for each occasion
NEXT: Multiple Intelligences (Part 2)